Types of schools
Public schools are controlled by a local elected or appointed board of education and are subject to the laws of the state in which they are located. They are required to accept children who live within a defined geographical area, with occasional exceptions for certain types of schools, and the school board must answer to a local board of education.
One important thing to remember about private school…no school clothes! Most private schools require uniforms, which translate into big savings when back to school shopping.
Private schools consist of both independent and religiously affiliated schools. Some parents choose private schools because the curriculum incorporates their particular religious beliefs. Generally, parents must pay tuition. Religiously affiliated schools can receive additional funding from the religious organization to which they are tied, the board is often not accountable to the state, children don’t always take state exams, and teachers are not always required to have state certifications. The schools may set their own admission requirements.
Charter schools were established as a way to set up schools with public funds but free them from many board of education requirements to which traditional public schools are subject. Each state has laws governing charter schools. In most cases, funding “follows the student,” meaning funds are diverted from the public school the child would otherwise attend, and students must take the same state tests that are administered at public schools. Teachers generally must be state certified, and the board answers directly to the state, not a local board of education. Admissions are almost always determined by a lottery system.
Get off to a good start: Choosing a kindergarten >>
How do you decide?!
Determining the type of school that is best for your child is important, and as Lerman says, “There are great charter, private and public schools… and there are lousy charter, private and public schools. A parent should definitely not decide based solely on [the type] of school.”
Lerman suggests parents consider the following six factors in making a choice.
1. Your child
Choose the school that best fits your child — not you! Think about your child: Does he like structure or independence? Is he particularly academically, artistically or athletically inclined?
2. Feeling, tone/environment
During your visit to the school, how did you feel? Is it clean? Does it feel safe? Do both students and teachers seem happy? Are children actively engaged, or are they sitting at their desks, doing worksheets? Is current student work displayed in the halls?
3. Administrative history
Generally, a school shouldn’t have had more than two principals over the past six years. Leadership continuity is important to a school. If there have been more, ask why. It could be a valid reason that doesn’t reflect negatively on the school, such as illness, a move for a spouse’s job, etc.
4. Academic history
Check your state department of education’s website for a “report card” on the school. Compare the past several years to see whether the school is improving, declining or staying consistent.
5. Comprehensive programming
Does the school offer programs in art, physical education, music, etc.? If the school is lacking in these areas, parents will need to make up for the lack outside of school.
6. Parental involvement
How involved are parents? An active parent group helps ensure that the school responds to students’ needs.
Take the time to research and carefully consider your school options, and as Lerman recommends, “Plan purposefully for your child’s education.”