Reduce your risk of HIV and AIDS
Here are several ways to reduce your risk of HIV infection and developing AIDS.
Always use condoms
Although no form of protection is 100 percent effective in preventing the spread of HIV, wearing a condom during vaginal, anal or oral sex goes a long way. To prevent condom breakage, consider using a water-based lubricant.
Watch the needles
Never share needles or other drug equipment. When getting a tattoo or piercing, ensure the equipment being used is sterilized.
If you work in a health care facility or may be exposed to the virus because of the work you do, take precautions — like wearing gloves and handling needles with care — to protect yourself.
One of the easiest ways to reduce your risk is to take control of your health and to speak with your doctor about your sexual history. An HIV/AIDS blood test let you know whether you’re “clean” (and then you can stay that way).
Research information on the internet from reputable and/or government-originated HIV/AIDS organizations about the virus and how you can prevent it.
If you’re pregnant and may have the virus, speak with your doctor and get tested. Several drugs can now be taken during pregnancy to prevent transmission from mother to fetus. Ask your doctor about these and other options.