There are some frightening superbugs out there, but none is more likely to make you swear by monogamy than drug resistant gonorrhea. Here’s what you need to know about this looming health crisis.
The world was changed forever with the introduction of antibiotics in the 20th century.
Diseases that had previously carried a lifetime of debilitating symptoms or even a death sentence — like syphilis, gonorrhea, staph and strep infections — were suddenly curable with a dose of antibiotics. With an easy treatment, it appeared that researchers could move on to more pressing concerns, like finding cures for cancer or HIV.
Unfortunately, the bacteria responsible for serious conditions like staph or gonorrhea have morphed over time. Antibiotic treatments from the past are no longer effectively working to clear many infections. In particular, one of these infections — a drug-resistant strain of gonorrhea — is causing alarm for many doctors and public health officials.
Gonorrhea is more common than you think
Gonorrhea, which is not so endearingly known as “the clap” or “the drip,” is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the U.S. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that there are 700,000 new cases in the U.S. each year. Women and men are most susceptible when they have multiple sex partners, but anyone can contract an infection through oral, anal or vaginal intercourse with an infected person.
According to WebMD, the early symptoms of gonorrhea mimic other common conditions. Infected women often report:
- Yellowish vaginal discharge
- Pelvic pain
- Burning upon urination
- Spotting after sex or between periods
- Swelling of the vagina or vulva
When effectively treated with antibiotics, the symptoms and infection will clear up and the sufferer can go back to life as normal. The problem arises, however, when an infected person either doesn’t treat the disease or the antibiotics don’t work properly. In these cases, infected individuals are at risk for pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, ectopic pregnancy and even death.
Diminishing treatment options
As far as treatment goes, the CDC recommends a dual-antibiotic approach. Thankfully, this approach still clears most infections without any issues. The CDC, however, is extremely concerned that drug-resistant strains of gonorrhea are popping up in all regions of the U.S. Already, one antibiotic has ceased working the way it was designed, such that the CDC no longer recommends its use.
Doctors are now down to two antibiotics left to effectively treat gonorrhea, and many cases of gonorrhea infection are showing resistance to one of these two remaining antibiotics. Essentially, all of our eggs are in one basket in terms of treatment. Doctors are concerned that it’s only a matter of time before gonorrhea is resistant to all of our available antibiotic treatments.
The bottom line
Don’t mess around with sexually transmitted diseases. Of course, STDs like herpes or HIV have never had a cure that lulled people into complacency. With the advent of drug-resistant gonorrhea, however, it’s all the more important that you remain vigilant about your sexual health. Here are some rules to live by:
- If you have multiple partners, always use the protection of a condom.
- If you’re considering going without a condom in a new relationship, insist that both of you get tested for STDs before hopping into bed.
- If you’re in a monogamous relationship, still insist on getting tested for STDs at your annual exam. You never really know.
- If you’re looking for complete and total safety from STDs, your best bet is abstinence. Condoms aren’t foolproof.
The good news is that a gonorrhea infection is highly preventable as long as you advocate for your sexual health needs with your partner. Good luck out there. It’s a jungle.