Pregnancy is certainly a time to modify your lifestyle to protect your health and that of your baby, but that doesn't mean kicking back in the recliner eating bon bons for nine months. Unless your doctor has recommended that you abstain from physical activity for medical reasons, doing light to moderate exercise while pregnant affords you numerous health benefits.
Talk with your doctor about the best workout plan for you. Your body may change during pregnancy, but the more fit you are before, during and after you give birth, the healthier you and your baby will be.
Studies show that light to moderate exercise can boost the immune system -- meaning that, when you're feeling a little under the weather, a brisk walk may do you more good than slouching on the couch all day. If you have a fever and feel drained of energy, working out may do more harm than good. Exercising when you are really sick can impair your immunity, increasing your chances of getting sicker. Further, if you work out at a gym, you put others at risk of illness by spreading your germs on the machines and fitness tools. Bottom line: When you're suffering from the sniffles or other mild cold symptoms, get some fresh air by going for a walk or leisurely bike ride; if you have the flu, a fever, congested chest or nausea, take a rest from exercise for a day or two until you start feeling better.
You're stoked with your jean size and the number on the bathroom scale, so why should you have to endure the rigors of a workout, right? Wrong. Physical activity isn't something you do solely to lose weight. Yes, exercise keeps your body toned and increases your muscle strength -- but it also improves your brain, heart and bone health, boosts your mood, fosters quality sleep and helps you manage stress. Exercise is also a natural way to defy the effects of aging: Skipping that workout increases the odds of dull, sagging skin, no matter how well you fit into your size-4 jeans.
Yes, it's acceptable to take some time off from the gym if you've been injured and prescribed bed rest to heal. If you've recently had a sports injury or minor surgery, or if one part of your body is immobilized in a cast, however, you can still find ways to work out within the constraints of your physical limitations. Before you begin, get exercise recommendations from your doctor or physical therapist and follow them.
Modifying your workouts while you're injured will not only prevent deconditioning and injury-related weight gain -- it also can help you maintain your sanity and good spirits while recovering.
Being over 55 may mean you can soon retire, but it doesn't mean hanging up your gym clothes for good. Research shows that working out can reduce the risk of Alzheimer's and dementia, promote healthy weight maintenance and metabolism, boost bone and joint health, reduce the risk of heart disease and diabetes, provide arthritis-related pain relief, improve posture and ward off depression and anxiety. Physical activity also slows down the aging process, meaning regular exercise can help keep you youthful, beautiful and strong. As you get older, you may have to change the types of workouts you do, but fitness in any form will do your mind and body good regardless of your age.
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