What would you like to know?
Share this Story

Bow wow chow: The essential dog food guide

Vladimir is a regular contributor to PetMD, the largest global source of pet health information. PetMD's content is created by veterinary professionals and covers 9 different species.

wet or dry?

Buy dog food or make it yourself, but make it healthy. Here are some important things to add (or not add) to your dog's diet.
dog-food

These days we often hear reports about dog foods that can harm our pets. In 2007, over one hundred dog food brands -- some even well known brands -- were recalled due to a tainted ingredient which was imported for China, making some dogs sick and killing others. 

 

 

More recently, a salmonella scare involving our peanut butter forced PetSmart, the largest US pet products and services retailer, and other dog treat manufacturers to voluntarily recall some of their dog food items.

As responsible dog owners, we need to know how to read complicated dog food labels. Or better yet, feed our dogs with a healthy, well-balanced meal made at home.

Healthy, well-balanced diet for your dog

Whether you buy canned food from stores or prepare your dog's meals at home, you have to ensure that the following ingredients are included in your dog's diet: protein, carbohydrates, and fiber.

 

The most important ingredient in dog food

dog food bowlThe most important ingredient is protein. In the past, dogs primarily survived on a diet of meat. This ensured that they consumed large quantities of protein, essential for energy. Fortunately, your dog is not as picky as you are when it comes to the cut of meat or the part of the body the cut comes from. In fact, it is the cuts of meat that we are least likely to eat that are best for dogs and therefore, they cost much less at your local butcher or grocery store.

Ask for green tripe (the lining of a cow's stomach), liver, heart, kidneys; all of these parts are high in concentrated nutrients and form an important piece of your dog's lifetime development. Eggs and legumes are other sources of protein easily found at the store.

 

Other essential dog food ingredients

While it is not needed in as large of a quantity as protein, carbohydrate is another ingredient that is essential to a dog's well-being. It is found in high concentrations in cereal grains such as rice, wheat, corn, barley and oats.

And remember the old adage: a dog is what it eats. So feed it a well-balanced diet and keep your buddy hearty and healthy.

Carbohydrates can be used in small amounts as fillers, or added in the form of green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, celery, and broccoli, to name a few. Carrots are also beneficial. Along with being a great source of carbohydrates and fiber, they also contain vitamin A and Beta-carotene, which is good for eyesight.

Fibers assist in moving waste through the digestive track, improving intestinal health. Easily digestible, or soluble, carbohydrates are excellent sources of fiber. This category is mainly comprised of fruits that are part of your diet, such as apples, pears, and oranges (but ask your vet which fruit are okay for your dog; some fruits are poisonous for dogs).

Find safe foods for your dog

When looking for food products at the pet store, purchase those stamped by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (or AAFCO). While it is not foolproof, your closest guarantee to a safe food product is one that has been made in compliance with the AAFCO's strict guidelines for production and labeling.

 

What foods should your dog avoid?

Because some dogs have allergic reactions to certain food ingredients, just as we do, it would be impractical to try to list all the things that you must avoid. There is, however, a basic list of the foods that should not be given to dogs.

Harmful foods for dogs:

  • Raisins, onions, and garlic have been found to be toxic to some dogs.
  • Yeast dough can expand and produce gas in the digestive system, causing pain and possible rupture of the stomach.
  • Sugary foods can lead to obesity, dental problems and possibly diabetes.
  • Chocolate, coffee, tea, and other caffeinated beverages or foods contain caffeine, theobromine or theophylline, which can be toxic and affect the heart and nervous systems.
Recommended for You
Comments
Hot
New in Pets & Animals
Close

And you'll see personalized content just for you whenever you click the My Feed .

SheKnows is making some changes!