wet or dry?

Buy dog food or make it yourself, but make it healthy. Here are some important things to add (or not add) to your dog's diet.

These days we often hear reports about dog foods that can harm our pets. In 2007, over one hundred dog food brands -- some even well known brands -- were recalled due to a tainted ingredient which was imported for China, making some dogs sick and killing others. 



More recently, a salmonella scare involving our peanut butter forced PetSmart, the largest US pet products and services retailer, and other dog treat manufacturers to voluntarily recall some of their dog food items.

As responsible dog owners, we need to know how to read complicated dog food labels. Or better yet, feed our dogs with a healthy, well-balanced meal made at home.

Healthy, well-balanced diet for your dog

Whether you buy canned food from stores or prepare your dog's meals at home, you have to ensure that the following ingredients are included in your dog's diet: protein, carbohydrates, and fiber.


The most important ingredient in dog food

dog food bowlThe most important ingredient is protein. In the past, dogs primarily survived on a diet of meat. This ensured that they consumed large quantities of protein, essential for energy. Fortunately, your dog is not as picky as you are when it comes to the cut of meat or the part of the body the cut comes from. In fact, it is the cuts of meat that we are least likely to eat that are best for dogs and therefore, they cost much less at your local butcher or grocery store.

Ask for green tripe (the lining of a cow's stomach), liver, heart, kidneys; all of these parts are high in concentrated nutrients and form an important piece of your dog's lifetime development. Eggs and legumes are other sources of protein easily found at the store.


Other essential dog food ingredients

While it is not needed in as large of a quantity as protein, carbohydrate is another ingredient that is essential to a dog's well-being. It is found in high concentrations in cereal grains such as rice, wheat, corn, barley and oats.

And remember the old adage: a dog is what it eats. So feed it a well-balanced diet and keep your buddy hearty and healthy.

Carbohydrates can be used in small amounts as fillers, or added in the form of green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, celery, and broccoli, to name a few. Carrots are also beneficial. Along with being a great source of carbohydrates and fiber, they also contain vitamin A and Beta-carotene, which is good for eyesight.

Fibers assist in moving waste through the digestive track, improving intestinal health. Easily digestible, or soluble, carbohydrates are excellent sources of fiber. This category is mainly comprised of fruits that are part of your diet, such as apples, pears, and oranges (but ask your vet which fruit are okay for your dog; some fruits are poisonous for dogs).

"ask your vet which fruits are okay for your dog; some fruits are poisonous"

Find safe foods for your dog

When looking for food products at the pet store, purchase those stamped by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (or AAFCO). While it is not foolproof, your closest guarantee to a safe food product is one that has been made in compliance with the AAFCO's strict guidelines for production and labeling.


What foods should your dog avoid?

Because some dogs have allergic reactions to certain food ingredients, just as we do, it would be impractical to try to list all the things that you must avoid. There is, however, a basic list of the foods that should not be given to dogs.

Harmful foods for dogs:

  • Raisins, onions, and garlic have been found to be toxic to some dogs.
  • Yeast dough can expand and produce gas in the digestive system, causing pain and possible rupture of the stomach.
  • Sugary foods can lead to obesity, dental problems and possibly diabetes.
  • Chocolate, coffee, tea, and other caffeinated beverages or foods contain caffeine, theobromine or theophylline, which can be toxic and affect the heart and nervous systems.



Comments on "Bow wow chow: The essential dog food guide"

Michele January 19, 2013 | 1:29 PM

We have been using Nature's Variety kibble (dry) and raw diet with much success for our two dogs. One has a chicken allergy and the other is just plain picky. It's been great having them both on the same food with lamb as the meat protein. Just tried it with the cat, too, and he enjoyed it as well. Don't know why I didn't think of giving it to him before!

Brandy January 04, 2013 | 8:08 PM

I've always been curious as to which elements are best for dogs. I've always splurged for the expensive food with our dogs, but have noticed some oddities recently in there reaction to the food. I think i need to research to see what other brands are out there that might be better suited to their needs.

mary roberts August 04, 2011 | 10:16 AM

very good information to know, thanks a lot.

Sharon from Oz January 29, 2011 | 8:50 PM

Hi Veronica I am not sure that people FEED their dog coffee rather than let them drink the dregs from the cup they just had......... I know my Dad used to do this for our dog, she just loved a cuppa just like the rest of us but he only drank tea. Cheers Sharon

Veronica from HowtoPaymyVet October 26, 2010 | 7:28 AM

I didn't know people actually feed their dogs coffee. Interesting!

brianna May 23, 2010 | 3:10 PM

thats realy good to know, i would never think that raisins are bad for dogs!

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