In reptiles, the Herpesvirus can affect multiple organs and systems. But in freshwater turtles and green sea turtles, the virus mainly damages the liver– often killing liver cells and enlarging the organ. The infection can also lead to digestive problems, such as a loss of appetite, or a constant itch for these reptiles.
In tortoises, on the other hand, the viral infection is usually seen in the mouth. The virus then kills the cells in the mouth's mucus membrane. General symptoms for tortoises include loss of appetite, regurgitation of food, mouth sores, and discharge from the mouth and eyes.
A veterinarian will commonly prescribe antiviral medicines for the infection. The medication can be either an ointment (for application on mouth sores), or oral medicine (for generic treatment of the disease).
Once the animal is quarantined, to prevent the Herpesvirus from spreading, the pet reptile's habitat needs to be thoroughly disinfected.
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