What can you do to check your child and prevent head lice from invading your home — and your head?
If you have never faced an infestation of head lice, consider yourself lucky. The little buggars are much more common than you would think, and chances are you will have to deal with them at some point in your mothering career.
Pediculosis capitis are tiny parasites that infect the scalp, eyebrows and eyelashes. They lay tiny eggs called nits that resemble flakes of dandruff and can live on the scalp for up to two weeks. Once they hatch, the lice feed on blood from your scalp. Head lice cause no permanent damage and do not carry diseases, but they are difficult to fight. They spread easily through direct physical contact with someone who is carrying them. Sharing pillows, hair ties, combs and brushes, hats and helmets should be discouraged.
Contrary to widespread belief, head lice infestation has nothing to do with personal hygiene. They are quite common — especially among preschoolers — and can easily spread through a family or classroom. Head lice cannot fly or jump from person to person as many believe.
By the time you see the memo, your child may already be infected. Itching of the scalp can be a sign, but the only way to know for certain is to check his scalp. Adult lice and their nits are very small and difficult to detect, so a thorough check with a fine-toothed comb is necessary.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has a fact sheet on their website that includes pictures and detailed descriptions of lice and their eggs. According to the CDC, a fully developed adult louse is the size of a sesame seed, has six legs and is tan to grayish-white in color. Nits are extremely tiny, may appear yellow or whitish in color and can be difficult to detect. Lice can live up to 30 days on a scalp, but will die in a day or two if they fall off.
Head lice needs to be treated — the sooner, the better. You need to treat your child, check for other family members who may need treatment and treat household items to prevent re-infestation.
There are a multitude of hair care products, special combs and lice removal systems on the market. We found two to try if you find yourself battling lice.
Who knew there would be an app to help in your war on head lice? Facts of Lice is a free iPhone application created by Fairy Tales Hair Care, a company that sells all-natural lice prevention products for children. Parents can opt for push notifications to alert them to lice outbreaks in their zip code. There are tabs for outbreaks, prevention, removal of lice and nits and news about lice.
Licenders is an all-natural line of lice removal products that contain no pesticides or harmful chemicals. Licenders offers the Lice Prevention Pack, which includes shampoo, comb, bed bug spray, household cleaner, repellant, mousse and natural oil. They even offer house calls and screening offices in New York, Connecticut and New Jersey.
Don’t panic over a lice infestation. A bit of patience and diligence can rid you of those little bugs in no time.
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