Find out how to be proactive about food allergies during back to school time and what alternatives you can buy for worry-free snacking.
The level in which a child reacts to a food he is allergic to can vary, but even the most mild of reactions is uncomfortable for a child and stressful for a parent. Food allergies are a common trigger of anaphylaxis, a severe and potentially fatal systemic reaction, and according to the American Academy of Pediatrics, 16 – 18 percent of allergic reactions occur at school.
The AAP’s report also guides pediatricians through diagnosing and documenting potential life-threatening food allergies. Once a child has been diagnosed, parents and children are then guided on how to properly use a self-injectable epinephrine (EpiPen).
The American Academy of Pediatrics encourages pediatricians and caregivers to develop a written plan to reduce the risks while at school and to implement emergency treatment if a reaction should occur while at school.
Monica Rader is an elementary school teacher in San Diego. According to Monica, each parent handles it differently depending on the severity of the allergy, but all parents at her school schedule conferences with the teachers at the beginning of the school year to provide the school with all the necessary information and to be as proactive as possible.
“Each child with a severe allergy has an action plan that the parents fill out…each child has two pencil box type containers with the EpiPen, or whatever medication is needed, along with the action plan papers,” says Rader. “One of the boxes stays in the office, the other is in the classroom. The teachers all watch DVDs about allergic reactions, and a physician gives the teachers a demonstration on how to use the EpiPen and goes over the different types of reactions.”
Get involved with the class. If your time allows, you can get involved in your child’s classroom. Between your child’s knowledge and your monitoring, you can get a good feel for how much advocating and monitoring you will need to implement throughout the school year.
Put precautionary and emergency plans in place. Form a plan with the principal and your child’s teachers to ban any foods that contain an allergy — especially during classroom events and parties. “In my son’s preschool class, a child had a severe strawberry allergy. The teachers put a large sign on the door to the classroom and included the allergy in every notice home,” said Christine Baldwin. “Strawberries were banned at class celebrations just to be on the safe side.”
Keep a copy of your emergency plan in the classroom and in the office. If your child has a severe food allergy, keep a copy of your plan and duplicates of medications both in the child’s classroom and in the main office or nurses office. If a child experiences an allergic reaction in class, the nurses office might be too far away for the quick action required.
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