There are instances when a parent and child share a similar temperament, making parenting a natural process. But, it is just as common to have a child with a polar opposite temperament, which requires a bit of a creative parenting approach. "When there's a mismatch, sometimes it can be helpful to have a third person help out with that child," suggests Ritvo. "For instance, if your spouse has a better temperamental match or a grandparent, sitter or friend, encourage them to spend time together rather than the child being with you all of the time, doing what you like to do." If you are a natural "talker" and your child is more of an introvert, you can easily overwhelm him with excessive chatter.
The temperament spectrum ranges widely from, shy and quiet to active and outgoing. Children that fall into the former category generally feel more comfortable in a family environment and often resist change. Children in the latter category often need social interaction and like to take risks. How do you know where your child falls? Trust your intuition. "Watch your child to learn what he is comfortable with," advises Ritvo. "If you do something that makes him irritable and cranky, that gives you a clue you haven't matched his environment to his temperament, and then you can make corrections."
If you are concerned that your child is too far at either end of the temperament spectrum, his behavior can be modified over time. "The goal is to have an adult with a balanced disposition who can be flexible depending on the needs of their environment," says Ritvo. An excessively shy child can learn to be more comfortable in social situations. "Make them feel safe and secure and yet expand what they're able to do and feel comfortable with," says Ritvo. On the other hand, an excessively impulsive child can dial it down a bit with practice. Ritvo suggests "helping her learn ways to calm and entertain herself. Children are works in progress."