Crawling is a huge milestone. After months of relying on you (and other responsible adults) for transportation, your baby can now get from one place to another all on their own. They'll feel mighty proud of their new achievement and will likely want to do it as often as possible. The whole world — or the living room, at least — is now theirs for the exploring. Here's what you need to know about your new and on-the-move crawler.
If your tot isn't crawling, it's unlikely to be a cause for concern. In fact, some babies never crawl. "Most babies start crawling between 7 and 10 months of age, with 9 months being an average time to start seeing crawling behavior," explains Dr. Danelle Fisher, chair of pediatrics at Providence Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California. But some babies skip crawling and go straight to pulling up to stand, then walking. If your baby skips crawling but goes on to acquire other milestones, there's no reason to worry.
Most babies' motor development progresses from rolling in both directions (front to back and back to front) to sitting up and then to crawling, explains Fisher. Some babies adopt the army crawl or belly crawl, in which they crawl on their bellies with their arms doing the bulk of the work, while others rock back and forth on their hands and knees and then eventually move forward. Other crawling styles are the crab crawl (moving with one best knee while the other remains extended, either forward or sideways) and the wind-up (moving backward before crawling forward). One common alternative to crawling is scooting (dragging the bottom across the floor). A crawling style that looks a little unusual is rarely anything to worry about, but if your baby tends to drag one side of their body, ask your pediatrician's advice to be on the safe side.
Ideally, your house should be baby-proofed before your little one actually starts crawling. (This saves you running around the house frantically unplugging things and eliminating death traps.) The best way to ensure you don't miss any hazards is to get down on your hands and knees in each room.
Even a thorough baby-proofing session can miss something, so keep a close eye on your crawling kid at all times.
Crawling works out your baby's body and mind. It helps a baby learn about coordinating muscle movements, visual and spatial abilities and even helps develop cognitive skills by enabling them to reach a goal by themselves (i.e., crawl to a toy they want that is on the other side of the room), says Fisher. Crawling also helps babies develop navigation skills and strengthens their memory. (They remember they have to crawl behind the sofa to get to the toy box, for example.)
Fisher recommends that 15-month-old babies who aren't crawling (or pulling to stand or walking or doing an alternative to crawling like rolling or bum-scooting) get an evaluation by a physical therapist. The first step, however, is to make an appointment with your pediatrician. (This goes for any concerns you have about your child's development.)
Crawling should be a fun time for you and your baby — not something that causes stress. You can help prepare for crawling by giving your little one lots of supervised tummy time. This encourages them to lift their head up to look around, which in turn strengthens their neck, shoulders, arms and trunk.
But remember: Babies do things at their own pace, and there's no rushing a major milestone. So if crawling isn't quite happening yet, just sit back and enjoy those final weeks of being able to leave your book and glasses sitting on the floor, OK?
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