More than 90 percent of children who work in any capacity in India -- even if not trafficked -- report some form of abuse, Seale says, adding that many domestic and factory child workers die every year at the hands of their "employers."
Those trafficked into the sex trade are usually locked up, beat into submission and raped repeatedly, she says.
As one can imagine, the emotional scars of child trafficking are deep. "There is a complete loss of any sort of trust or faith in other humans, and eventually an inability to attach or form any sort of relationships," Seale says.
When Macdonald went to Ghana, West Africa last month, he visited dozens of villages in Kete Krachi and interviewed hundreds of children, some of which were trafficked from nearby villages to work in the fishing industry on Lake Volta.
"These children are often beaten and forced to work under extremely harsh conditions with little food to eat, long hours of work and no access to health care or education," he says, adding that his organization was able to rescue seven young children who are now living in shelters in Kete Krachi and Tema.
Education and awareness are key. Macdonald suggests reading "Not For Sale" by David Batstone or "Disposable People" by Kevin Bales for more information.
Not For Sale's Global Forum on Human Trafficking is Oct. 9 and 10 in Carlsbad, Calif., where speakers include Luis C. de Baca, President Obama's appointment to monitor and combat human trafficking.
More information on Not For Sale's international projects is available at www.notforsaleinternational.org.
Seale suggests investigating these organizations: South Asia Centre for Missing and Exploited Persons, Stop the Traffik, Human Rights Watch, UN Refugee Agency, International Justice Mission and Polaris Project.
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