To quote the much smarter Space.com:
"A solar eclipse occurs when the moon gets between Earth and the sun, and the moon casts a shadow over Earth. A solar eclipse can only take place at the phase of new moon, when the moon passes directly between the sun and Earth and its shadows fall upon Earth's surface."
Because the moon completely covers the sun. Aka total darkness.
Oh yes, sorry. A total solar eclipse is when the sun hides behind the moon and everything goes dark.
This Friday, March 20. The magic starts at approximately 4 a.m. EST.
You'll only be able to see the total eclipse if you live in Northern Europe. However, all of Europe, parts of western Asia and parts of northern Africa will be able to see a partial eclipse.
Stay calm, and get on social media. It will be all over there. Specifically, I'd suggest following Mashable — they're actually sending their travel editor to capture the eclipse in the Faroe Islands. (Don't Google. The Faroe Islands are part of the Kingdom of Denmark, located between Norway and Iceland.)
You're welcome, Veruca Salt.
Yes. You should never look directly at a solar eclipse. Just a few seconds can cause permanent damage, and that damage does include blindness. Check out more on how to view it safely right here.
The next total solar eclipse will be in March 2016 — but still not visible from the United States. The next one that you'll be able to see in North America will be in August 2017.
Yes, so glad you asked! It's actually a big day for Earth. In addition to it being the spring equinox, there will also be a supermoon.
Because so much of Europe depends on solar energy, the continent's been preparing for this eclipse for a while now. So while there may be power outages, they're ready.
I'll pass this question off to Bonnie Tyler.
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