There are three things that are absolutely known to cause cancerous cells: tobacco use, radiation and infections. You can decrease your chances of cancer by reducing your exposure to these cancer-causers as well as by taking a few other health-promoting steps.
This is probably the most widely recognized bit of advice about cancer prevention, as it plays a major role in contracting cancers of the lung, esophagus and larynx. Aside from smoking cigarettes, other tobacco products such as chewing tobacco should be avoided as well, since they are just as unhealthy as cigarettes.
Taking precautions when spending time outdoors and in the sun can significantly decrease your risk of getting skin cancer. Always wear sunscreen and proper clothing (hats, pants and shirts with sleeves), especially if you have sensitive skin. Even tanning beds that use UV rays have been deemed carcinogenic to the humans, despite their popularity and widespread acceptance in society.
HPV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C, Epstein-Barr virus, and Heliocobacter pylori can all cause various types of cancers, from cervical cancer to cancer of the liver to gastric cancer. There are two verified vaccines (they've been FDA-approved) to fight cancer-causing agents from these viruses. Making sure you get regular checkups and treating any infections quickly can help lessen the risk of developing cancerous cells.
While these three factors are known to be directly correlated to cancer, the following four lifestyle factors have significant research to back up their correlations as cancer-causing agents.
It is thought that a significant percentage of workers (20 to 30 percent of males and 5 to 20 percent of females) have been exposed to carcinogens, such as asbestos, in the workplace. These types of environmental and occupational hazards can cause mesothelioma (cancer of the outer lining of the chest cavity and lungs) and leukemia.
Sounds easy enough, but a large portion of Americans don't get their daily suggested values of fresh fruits and vegetables and other important food groups. To top it off, our national preference for processed foods has been shown to be a contributing factor to different forms of cancer. Also make sure to thoroughly wash fresh produce to remove any pesticides that might be still lingering, since these environmental agents are thought to also play a role in developing cancer.
Oral cancer, esophageal cancer, breast cancer and liver cancer are all linked to increased alcohol consumption. Decreasing overall alcohol intake may help prevent these types of cancer.
Physically active people generally have fewer health problems than those who are not, and that extends to cancer prevention, as well. Studies have shown that people who engage in exercise and routine activities have a much lower likelihood of developing colorectal cancer. There are also links that show that physical activity might play a role in lowering the risks of breast and endometrial cancer.
Cancer isn't completely unavoidable, but taking steps that make positive changes to your diet and lifestyle can have an enormous impact on cancer prevention and can help you make cancer less of a risk to your health -- no matter what your age.
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