Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), one of the most common female endocrine disorders, is a mysterious condition for many women. That's why it's good to clear up the myths about the condition. Here are 11 things you may not know about PCOS.
Many women know that PCOS can be hard to diagnose, which is why checking over time—repeatedly—can be integral to catching it. So if you've suspected that you have PCOS and not been formally diagnosed, visit your doctor again to get checked.
In addition to irregular periods, difficult-to-control acne or hair growing in places you don't want it, PCOS can promote weight gain, or difficulty losing tummy weight (although slender women can have PCOS, too). PCOS patients may also have insulin resistance issues that can lead to diabetes. And as many women know, the condition can make it hard to carry a pregnancy to term.
Hormone therapy in the form of oral contraceptive pills, metformin and/or aldactone are medications commonly used with great success in managing the symptoms and outcomes of PCOS.
"Birth control medication can actually worsen insulin resistance and raise triglycerides," notes Angela Grassi at The PCOS Nutrition Center in Pennsylvania. Some doctors would disagree, so having a full workup done and possibly seeking second and third opinions can really help.
OK, not to be a downer, but there is a condition that mimics PCOS that can be triggered by a benign (noncancerous) tumor — a prolactinoma — growing in the pituitary gland. "If straight PCOS is not found by careful investigation, it may be wise to rule out prolactinoma," says New York dermatologist Dr. Jessica J. Krant. "If one is found it can often be treated with medication."
A new study by the National Institutes of Health is investigating the possible role of the adrenal glands play in the disorder. In some women who have PCOS, high androgen levels have been associated with adrenal gland disorders. The researchers will try to determine whether some women with PCOS have abnormalities of the adrenal glands that could be contributing to the disorder.
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