First developed in the US in the 1960s, snowboarding is a full-body workout that involves winding your way down snowy ski slopes with your feet securely fastened with special bindings to a board. It was created by Sherman Poppen, an engineer, who developed a board for his daughter by fastening two skis together. Originally dubbed the "snurfer" (a surfboard for the snow), modern-day snowboarding began to take shape in the 1970s and 1980s – particularly after the first national snowboard race was held in Woodstock, Vermont. It became an Olympic sport in 1998.
There are three prominent forms of the sport you can take up: free-riding, freestyle and free-carve/race.
Free-riding is the most basic form of the sport and is very similar to skiing: you hop on a board and wind your way through groomed trails. You might perform small "tricks" when you go over small jumps.
Freestyling is a more aggressive form of the sport: You use man-made terrain and features (think rails, half-pipes or steps) to perform tricks.
Free-carve/race is very much like slalom skiing and involves an incredible amount of focus: You weave your way through flags along groomed trails.
The body-sculpting benefits from snowboarding are very similar to skateboarding, surfing, wakeboarding and skiing.
No muscle is left untouched, from the abs and back, which are used to keep you stable and balanced on your board, to the calves, thighs and glutes (which you use to control, stop and direct the board). Even arms and shoulders are used, helping a boarder direct her weight and steer, a.k.a. "carve," the board.
Even moderate snowboarding will torch 400 calories in 60 minutes for a 135-pound woman.
To keep your body in tip-top shape before and after boarding, it's important to do some weightlifting (even light leg lifts or bicep curls will help) as well as some core-strengthening moves (Pilates is a good place to start). Working your cardiovascular system will give your the lungs the boost they need to stay on the hill for more than an hour. Stretching to prevent muscle tears and tightness is also recommended.
Like many winter sports, snowboarding can be risky if you don't take the proper precautions. Head injuries are quite common (it's much harder to control the board than it is to control skis), so wearing a helmet is an absolute must. And because slipping or falling is common, it's a good idea to invest in wrist guards or knee pads -- this helps prevent small fractures in your hands or legs. Another good product to look into is a "butt pad." This padded device can be worn like a diaper and prevents butt bruises that may result from falling backward while you learn to use the board.
Get in shape to prevent injury and day-after sore muscles with this ski and snowboard winter workout series.
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