Derived from the bark of the tree bearing the same name, cinnamon is high in antioxidant activity. The essential oils of cinnamon have antimicrobial activity, too, and this helps provide a scientific basis for cinnamon's traditional use as a treatment for diarrhea. Exciting clinical studies show beneficial changes in blood sugar control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with one to three gram daily doses of cinnamon spice. Experimental research suggests that cinnamon may also reduce the likelihood that cells in the colon, the distal part of our gastrointestinal tract, undergo cancerous changes.
However, be aware that too much of good thing can be a bad thing – there is evidence that ingestion of large amounts of cinnamon (think tablespoons of cinnamon) can have detrimental health effects, likely due to certain components in the essential oil fraction.
A member of the parsley family, the spice cumin is derived from the plant's dried seed. Scientific research shows that cumin can help regulate inflammation through nuclear factor-kappaB, a well known gene transcription factor linked with cancer, hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis), arthritis, and Alzheimer's disease. The latest research suggests that cumin seed extract helps improve blood sugar control, reduce oxidative stress and inhibit the formation of advanced glycation end products, also known as AGEs. One experimental study suggests that the equivalent of between two and three grams of cumin seed extract can help improve hemoglobin A1c, a measurement of blood sugar control.
The versatile spice ginger is derived from the root of the plant, and a variety of amazing phytochemicals have been isolated from ginger and found to possess antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, fever-reducing, and pain-relieving properties. Ginger root is used in traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine as a digestive aid for young infants with colic and for adults with indigestion. Ginger root is often used as a natural remedy for nausea and vomiting due to seasickness and morning sickness. For example, a recent study for morning sickness in pregnancy found that one gram of ginger taken by mouth significantly reduced the frequency and severity of nausea episodes.
Warning: If you take the drug warfarin, a well-known blood thinner, there is the potential for interaction with ginger, so avoid ingesting large amounts of ginger while taking this drug.
Moms-to-be may need to curb their curry: There is very little research on the effects of curcumin in pregnancy, so women who are pregnant should avoid ingesting large amounts of turmeric.
The leaves of the herb rosemary are used fresh, as well as dried, in traditional Mediterranean dishes to impart amazing, fragrant aromas of evergreen. Rosemary has strong antioxidant properties, and exciting experimental research suggests that rosemary's relatively high level of carnosic acid may help reduce the risk of Alzhemier's disease and stroke. Furthermore, new research suggests that rosemary extract rich in carnosic acid may help inhibit human malignant melanoma cell growth. Rosemary extracts have also been shown to reduce inflammation in experimental models of arthritis. Four to six grams of ground, fresh rosemary leaves is a typical therapeutic dose.
Adding spice to your life will not only make your meals more flavorful, it promotes longevity by reducing your risk of chronic disease.
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