Regular cardiovascular exercise, also called aerobic exercise, can help reduce or eliminate some of these risk factors:
Experts use the FITT principal to recommend exercise. FITT stands for frequency, intensity, time, and type of exercise.
According to the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans from the US Department of Health and Human Services, it's best to spread your activity throughout the week, as often as you can, with a minimum of three times per week as a baseline goal.
I = Intensity (moderate to vigorous intensity)
Moderate intensity means you have the ability to talk casually during the activity and are not breathless.
Vigorous intensity means you have the ability to make brief statements, but find your breathing rapid and somewhat breathless.
T = Time
Experts recommend that you spend a minimum of 10 continuous minutes per exercise bout for a total of about 150 minutes per week (for moderate intensity activities) and about 75 minutes per week (for vigorous intensity activities).
T = Type
The many types of cardiovascular exercises use large muscles of the body for a sustained period of time, thereby increasing the heart rate and improving the condition of the heart and lungs.
Moderate cardiovascular activities include:
Vigorous activities include:
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