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Yes, Single Men Use IVF & Surrogacy to Become Parents Too

Dr. Elizabeth Yuko is the Health Editor at SheKnows. She is a bioethicist and writer specializing in sexual and reproductive health and the intersection of bioethics and popular culture. She is an adjunct professor of ethics at Fordham ...

One man's journey to single fatherhood via IVF & surrogacy

Some people have always known that they have wanted to be — or not be — a parent. For Tom Garden, his desire to become a father wasn’t clear until a 2014 bus ride in Jerusalem.

Born and raised in Minneapolis, Garden spent years “married” to his family business, as he put it, and never really thought about being a parent. After leaving the business in 2014, he took a trip to Israel — his first since he left the country in 1995 after two years of serving in its military. It was during that trip that he ended up taking the bus ride that would change his life.

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As the bus wound its way through the streets of Jerusalem, Garden suddenly recognized the woman sitting next to him: a relative he hadn’t seen in 20 years. They started talking, and she asked him if he was married or had kids; Garden told her he didn’t know if either was going to happen for him.

“That’s when she said to me, ‘Just to let you know, you’re the last of the Garden males. If you don’t have kids, the Garden name is going to die out,” Garden told SheKnows. “That bus ride changed my whole perspective on everything.”

After returning home to Minnesota, Garden told his mother that he wanted to be a father, and she suggested the in vitro fertilization and surrogacy route. Too nervous and embarrassed to make the call to his local clinic himself, Garden’s mother made the call for him, getting some basic information.

Being Jewish himself, Garden knew he wanted a Jewish egg donor. After not having any luck finding one in the Midwest, he connected with a egg donor service in New York called Lifespring run by Ruth, an Israeli woman. Like Garden, most of the organization's donors had also served in the Israeli military and then donated their eggs anonymously after fulfilling their service.

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After selecting a donor based on photos, family background and genetic history, Garden was ready to move forward with the process. The only fertility clinic that Lifespring works with is the Reproductive Medicine Associates of New Jersey based on positive patient outcomes (i.e., a lot of healthy pregnancies and babies), so Garden flew to the East Coast to meet with the doctors to walk through the rest of the process.

“I was just a single guy doing this — I had no idea what it was to be a father,” Garden said. “The doctors and the nurses were so compassionate.”

Soon after, the egg donor flew in from Israel for the retrieval process, Garden provided his sperm sample, and he came one step closer to fatherhood.

Initially, he didn’t realize that the egg donor and surrogate would be two separate women. While that’s not always the case, it is for donor eggs acquired through Lifespring, so Garden worked with Surrogate Steps, another agency based in New York, to connect with a surrogate from Arkansas.

Garden and his surrogate became very close during her pregnancy and have remained friends. In fact, they’re going through the surrogacy process again together in a few weeks, as Garden tries for a second child.

His first child, Joseph, will turn 1 on June 25.

One man's journey to single fatherhood via IVF & surrogacy
Image: Courtesy of Tom Garden

While Garden may be ready to have another child now, when Joseph arrived a year ago, he felt less than prepared. Having never held an infant or changed a diaper in his life, he said that he was “less scared in the Israeli army” than he was as a new father. His mother suggested a doula, whom he hired to stay with him and Joseph around the clock for several months.

But it wasn’t just the practicalities of being a single father that Garden thinks makes other men apprehensive about going through with it — it's also the stigma.

“There are guys in their late 40s who for whatever reason don’t have kids, but want them,” he said. “Because of stigma, fear and financial reasons, they don’t do it. But having a baby via IVF is not just for couples or single women — there are a lot more guys out there like me.”

Garden was also subjected to something most women go through at some stage during their childbearing years — having people question his personal reproductive choices.

“There were one or two family members who weren’t as understanding, asking ‘why don’t you have kids the ‘normal’ way? Why didn’t you meet a girl?’” he said.

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But it’s not that he didn’t try. Prior to his trip back to Israel, Garden had been doing some online dating, but hadn’t met anyone who made his “heart sing,” he explained. Many of the women he was meeting were in their early to mid 40s and either already had kids or didn’t want them.

“I thought I was destined to be a guy who doesn’t have a family,” Garden added.

Now, he’s trying for a second child.

Despite loving his past year of being a full-time stay-at-home father, Garden said he was initially surprised at how much work it was to be a single dad, but said it has been “a wonderful challenge” and something he will do again.

“Having the gift to bring a child into the world — to bring a life into the world — is truly special,” he said. “I love being a dad — it’s a wonderful thing. I don’t regret anything for an instant.”

If there is one thing Garden wants other single men who are interested in becoming fathers to know, it’s that IVF or adoption are absolutely viable options for them.

“Life is short — just go for it,” he said. “If you want something, do it and don’t be afraid.” 

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