According to the National Fire Protection Association, cooking fires are not only the leading cause of home structure fires, the majority of kitchen fire injuries occur when victims try to fight the fire themselves. Wouldn't it be smarter to avoid cooking fires altogether? You can, with the following kitchen safety tips from third generation and 30-year fire department veteran John Borboa, fire chief in the Central Valley of California.
"The most common fires occur from people leaving food on the stove unattended. Don't leave the kitchen while you have things cooking," warns Borboa. If you have to leave the kitchen, turn off the stove and take your pots and pans off the heat. This is equally important if you are broiling food in the oven - take the food out of the oven and turn off the broiler.
Long, flowing sleeves, large-fitting shirts and even aprons can catch fire. Borboa recommends that, when cooking, wear short or close-fitted sleeves and keep your baggy shirts tucked in or tied back with a well-fitted apron.
Kitchen towels, oven mitts, appliance cords and even curtains can easily catch fire if set near a hot burner. Always move flammable items away from your stovetop. "And be careful when using towels to move a pot off the burner. Ideally, use an oven mitt, but if using a towel, be sure it doesn't dangle down and touch the burner," adds Borboa.
In the case you do have a fire, a fire extinguisher can make the difference between an easy to clean up burned pan and a kitchen engulfed in flames. Be sure you actually know how to use it, too.
Chances are you have a smoke detector in the kitchen or in the room adjacent to the kitchen. Borboa says its not enough to havea smoke detector – you need to make sure the smoke detector is operable. He recommends changing your smoke detector batteries every six months.
"First of all, know the smoke points of your oils and never subject an oil with a low smoke point to high heat cooking – it can catch fire," says Borboa. "Second, never throw hot grease in the garbage can. Even if the grease isn't on fire, it can cause something in the garbage to burn." Instead, let grease cool and dispose of it in an old coffee can.
A smoke point is the temperature at which an oil starts to break down. In addition to being a potential fire hazard, it can be damaging to your health. Fats that have gone past their smoke points are believed to contain large amounts of free radicals, which contribute to cancer. Refer to this smoke point chart for the optimal temperatures for your cooking oils.
Keep your candlelit dinners romantic by keeping the heat onlybetween you and your mate. Candles are another common cause of house fires. In addition to using wider, shorter candles, which are less likely to tip over, be sure to extinguish candle flames as soon as you are done in the kitchen.
Though you don't want a fire to occur, be prepared in the case it does. Borboa says, "The best thing to do if you have a stovetop fire is to put a proper fitting lid over the pan or pot to smother it. Never use water and never pick a burning pan up and put it in the sink – you not only risk spreading the fire to the sink, you risk getting badly burned if the burning ingredients slosh out." Another recommendation from Borboa: "Don't use flour to put out a fire – it can burn, too – and it makes a mess."
Keep the fire department telephone number written and/or programmed on your telephone. Sit down with your family and have a fire escape plan that includes getting out of the house and meeting outside in a designated area. It's important that your family – especially your kids – know what to do beforea fire occurs. Practice your plan every month.
"In the event you do catch fire, follow the Stop, Drop, Roll Principal. Don't run if your clothing catches fire – stop where you are, drop to the ground, and roll," concludes Borboa. Then get to a hospital to get treatment for your burns.
Don't ever hesitate to call your local fire department – even if you have successfully put out your fire. It's better to be safe than sorry. Practice fire prevention measures every time you are in the kitchen, and be sure to pass the measures on to your kids.
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