Ethical Elephant Tourism in Thailand

3 years ago
With Lam Duan, a 57 year old blind elephant Everyone who travels to Thailand wants to trek with the Asian elephants who are advertised for trekking, riding, and shows.  Elephants are highly revered in Thai and Buddhist traditions, and were used for warfare, much like horses in prior times.  Elephants, thankfully, are no longer used for the logging industry in Thailand, as the country has been overlogged.  When logging was outlawed, in the late 1980s, there were elephants and their "mahouts" (handlers, trainers, owners) who were suddenly without work.  These mahouts began using their elephants to beg on the streets, they turned their elephants into trekking elephants with a box on the elephant's back for people to sit in (these are very harmful to elephants as their backs are the weakest parts of their body), or training the elephants to perform in shows.  The only safe way to ride an elephant (for the elephant) is to ride on their necks. There are still some mahouts who still work illegal logging camps on the border of Myanmar and Thailand, who give their elephants "speed" to make them work longer and faster, and who abuse their elephants with the tools of the mahout: chains, the thotti (hook),  the valiya kol (long pole), and the cheru kol (short pole).  These are the traditional tools used to "break" elephants, and to control them.  The hook is particularly horrible, and if you see an elephant with scars, open sores,'ll know it is being abused with the hook.  Using the hook side of the tool is not necessary, regardless of what any mahout tells you.  The elephant is hurt by it and it causes them pain and injury.  Period.
Ally and Lam Duan My daughter, Ally,  and Lam Duan
Cutting pumpkins for the elephants Cutting pumpkins for the elephants

Where once there were nearly 100,000 wild Asian elephants roaming the jungles of Asia, there are now about 2000 wild elephants left in Thailand.  They are terribly endangered as their habitat has been so altered and destroyed; they migrate the same way they did for hundreds of years...only now there are farms in their way.  Farmers do not hesitate to take action against elephants who threaten their crops.  It is a tragedy that it is really not a question of IF the Asian elephant will go extinct, it is a question of WHEN.  With only 2000 left in the wild, and approximately 2000 "domesticated" elephants in Thailand (including those in sanctuaries), it won't be long until they are gone.

Nice spray Nice spray
Mud time Mud time

The elephant is a sacred symbol of Thai Buddhism, and considered an animal who brings good luck.  When I planned my trip to Thailand I very badly wanted to see and spend time with elephants, but I didn't want to harm them.  I did research, and among the excellent research I found Adore Animals blog on Ethical Elephant Tourism and another blog at Jdomb's Travel which helped me understand what I needed to look for.  Most sanctuaries are located in the Chiang Mai area, quite north of Bangkok, but I did find Elephant's World in Kanchanaburi City, 3 hours from Bangkok.  3 hours is not super close, especially when you only have 5 days, but Alexandra, my daughter, and I were determined to spend time volunteering with elephants, and it was a enriching, wonderful experience.

John taking his mud bath John taking his mud bath
John with a 78 year old female! John with a 78 year old female!
Using a stick to scratch! Using a stick to scratch! So very intelligent!

Elephant's World was founded in 2008 by Dr. Samart Prasithpol (head of the Department of Livestock of Kanchanaburi province) to function as a 'retirement home' for elephants who were too old to work, too injured, or too ill.  Elephant's World works FOR the elephants, to give them a peaceful, happy life.  The elephants at Elephant's World are well cared for, and enjoy a day of feeding, dusting themselves, playing in the mud, being fed some more, and then, having a lovely wash and dip in the river.  (Meet the elephants here.)

ew 14 reaching for branch

Beautiful river Beautiful river

Our day began with a 3 hour drive to the sanctuary, then we met and talked with the volunteers about the elephants.  The volunteers were very like those I worked with in Mozambique, mostly young adults who want to see the world and make a real difference, so volunteer tourism is a great way for them to travel.  I wish more American young adults would do this type of traveling.  We started by learning the structure of the day, then we were given a huge basket of fruits to feed Lam Duan, a female elephant who is about 57 years old who was used in the logging industry, then as a trekking elephant.  She is completely blind, and likes to be fed directly in her mouth instead of using her trunk.  She also does not like to be stroked or touched.  Lam Duan has obviously been worked far too much, and because she is blind she is not readily accepted by the other elephants.  Elephants in the wild live in family groups and have deep emotional bonds...but elephants who are in sanctuaries lost their families long ago, and sometimes do not care for other elephants around them.  Lam Duan is kept away from most of the others.  A mahout would use a hook if Lam Duan was attacked by another elephant (which has happened) but mostly she just stays away from the group. She does like John, a small 7 year old bull who loves to play.  Poor John was separated from his mother far too young, and seems to think that he should be able to make little elephants with the 50 and 70 year old matriarchs around him!  They seem to just brush him off, but he does get excited!

Nicely submerged Nicely submerged
Ally's ride! Ally's ride!
Ally taking a swim! Ally taking a swim!
Swim! Swim!

During the volunteer day one feeds, makes sticky rice balls with protein powder and veggies for the elephants to eat (they eat A LOT).  Then you enjoy the show as the elephants have a mud bath, which they really enjoy.  After that, it is time for the river, and swimming with the elephants!  What an incredible privilege to swim around an elephant, and to climb up on its neck for a ride and a dunk.  The elephants really love their river swim and bath!  After their baths, once again we fed them baskets of fruit.  We fed an elephant who used her trunk, and it was so incredible!  The elephant trunk has more muscle in it than the human body does.  Isn't that amazing?  They grab that food and stuff it in their mouths very quickly, and if you don't stuff food in the trunk, the trunk comes looking for you!

Our day ended after feeding time, but there is one thing I want everyone to know:  the sanctuary is trying very hard to raise the money to build a fence to keep the elephants out of the sugar cane of neighboring farmers.  Until that fence can be built, the elephants have to be chained when they are not being active.  They need $20,000.00 to build that fence.  Here is the link to donate:  Be sure and let them know Travels with Tam sent you!  It really is a good cause...these poor elephants have suffered so terribly, and it would be such a gift to them to be able to roam instead of be chained.  I very much encourage you to give, even if it is just a few bucks!  You can also volunteer, whether for a day or a month or a year.  What a great experience!  Do check out Elephant's World in Thailand!  It was one of the best days of my trip to Thailand, and Alexandra felt the same.

Tam feeding elephant Tam feeding elephant

ew 14 ally feeding nelly

Food! Food!

One final request: should you go to Asia, please avoid the touristy trekking and shows with elephants and choose Ethical elephant tourism.  We can all help make change in our world with just simple, good choices.  The "nellys" (nellyphants) will thank you!

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Tam Warner Minton

It's the Journey!

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