As we age, the needs of our skin continue to develop and change. Aging skin is a fact of life. But no matter how old you are, there are things you can do now to prevent skin aging later.
Skin care in your 40s
The skin begins losing 1 percent of its collagen every year from the age of 40 on, warns Dr. Kunin. If you haven't already begun using a treatment to help retain and rebuild collagen fibers, it's time to begin using one. Read the ingredient lists looking for active ingredients such as amino acid peptides, vitamin C, kinetin or copper peptides. A breakthrough anti-aging red light emitting lotion is also now on the market to firm the skin.
40s skin shows increased wrinkles especially around the eyes. Dark spots and increasingly dry skin are problematic. TNS Essential Serum by SkinMedica contains growth factor, peptides and antioxidants that when applied daily, plump these lines. Vivite Eye Cream contains 10 percent glycolic (lower concentration for sensitive eye area) to improve crow's feet. Vivite Exfoliating Facial Cleanser three times weekly bumps up to 15 percent glycolic to enhance exfoliation. Retin A (0.05 to 0.1 percent) cream applied sparingly every other night builds needed collagen and fades dark spots. Moisture and continued protection is provided by Anthelios by La Roche Posay. This product is unique because it combines an effective sunscreen with an elegant moisturizer for everyday use.
Lily Garfield, creator of The Cos Bar reinforces the importance of an especially good moisturizer both in the morning and at night during this age range, in addition to an eye cream or eye serum. Some great options she recommends include Orlane's Extreme Line Reducing Care Eye Contour for the eye area and Creme d'Olives moisturizing creme as an overall facial moisturizer.
Finally in 40s, lips may show thinning. To restore fuller appearing lips, Vivite Defining Lip Plumper three times a day. This product restores volume and can supplement fillers such as Juvederm.
Growth factors in skin care products can stimulate collagen and elastic fiber content and lack the irritation, which can be seen with topical retinols. This translates to improved sallowness, fine lines and skin texture. Not all growth factor based products are created equally. "I prefer those which have a blend of growth factors, which mimic your skin cells' natural healing response, to those, which contain only a single growth factor," says Dr. Peterson, whose favorite of these options is Skin Medica Essential Serum, which contains growth factors and antioxidants, best to use twice daily.
"A gold standard in topical anti-aging products, I recommend introducing this to your nightly regimen beginning in your 40s," Dr. Peterson says. For an over the counter option, Dr. Peterson recommends Roc Deep Wrinkle Night Cream, but stronger prescription forms are also available through your physician. Retinols increase collagen and decrease fine lines, mottled pigmentation, sallowness and rough skin texture. Retinols can be used with other skin care products such as growth factors, peptides and antioxidants.
Many eye creams are available to target under eye concerns specific to each patient. For example, different ingredients address dryness, puffiness, dark circles, fine lines and crepe-like skin, so patients should look for those ingredients which will improve their concerns. As an all around eye cream which can target dryness, puffiness, dark circles and fine lines, Dr. Peterson recommends Neocutis Lumiere Riche Bio-restorative Eye Balm with PSP, which contains growth factors, moisturizers and caffeine for reducing puffiness. Another suggested eye cream is the Neutrogena Rapid Repair Wrinkle Eye Cream with retinols to fight fine lines and hyaluronic acids to moisturize.
Up next: Top anti-aging products for your 50s >>